IIUM Repository

The role of nanoadsorbents and nanocomposite adsorbents in the removal of heavy metals from wastewater: a review and prospect

Nik-Abdul-Ghani, N. R. and Jami, Mohammed Saedi and Alam, Md. Zahangir (2020) The role of nanoadsorbents and nanocomposite adsorbents in the removal of heavy metals from wastewater: a review and prospect. Pollution, 7 (1). pp. 153-179. ISSN 2383-451X E-ISSN 2383-4501

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF (WoS) - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (612kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Significant attention has been given to nanotechnology as an emerging approach in water/wastewater treatment for heavy metals removal. Numerous research works on synthesizing, fabrication and upgrading nanoparticles have reported as an efficient adsorbent in removal of wide range of heavy metals from wastewater. This review intends to provide researchers with understanding and knowledge regarding the efficient nanoadsorbents, their adsorption mechanism towards selected heavy metals and fundamental principles of nanoadsorbent materials synthesis. In addition, further attention on the modification of nanoadsorbent and development of nanocomposites are highlighted in this paper as value added products to increase the adsorption capacity and enhance the heavy metals removal. Possible challenges and direction on utilization of nanocomposites for heavy metal removal in real wastewater effluent are discussed in view of their removal capability and cost efficiency. Future research works on developing a cost-effective way of nanocomposite production and toxicity testing of nanomaterials in wastewater applications are recommended. Further studies on the efficiency of the nanoadsorbents in pilot or industrial scale are highly needed to test the practicality of the nanoadsorbents for selected heavy metals removal from real wastewater.

Item Type: Article (Review)
Additional Information: 5545/86060
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanomaterials; adsorption mechanism; adsorption capacity; wastewater treatment
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Professor Dr. Mohammed Saedi Jami, PhD CEng MIChemE
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2020 15:46
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2021 16:05
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/86060

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year