IIUM Repository

Tea from the drinking to the synthesis of metal complexes and fabrication of PVA based polymer composites with controlled optical band gap

Ali, Mohamad A. and Aziz, Shujahadeen and Anuar, Hazleen and Ali, Fathilah and Dannoun, Elham M.A and Mohammed, Sewara J. and Abdulwahid, Rebar T. and Al-Zangana, Shakhawan (2020) Tea from the drinking to the synthesis of metal complexes and fabrication of PVA based polymer composites with controlled optical band gap. Scientific Reports, 10 (1). pp. 1-17. E-ISSN 2045-2322

PDF - Published Version
Download (5MB) | Preview
PDF (SCOPUS) - Supplemental Material
Download (233kB) | Preview


In the present study black tea extract (BTE) solution which is familiar for drinking was used to prepare cerium metal-complexes (Ce(III)-complex). The prepared Ce(III)-complex was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and UV–Vis spectroscopy. The results indicate that BTE solution is a novel green coordination chemistry approach for the synthesis of metal complexes. The outcomes signify that coordination occurs between cerium cations and polyphenols. The synthesis of metal-complexes with superior absorption performance in the visible region is a challenge for optoelectronic device applications. The suspended Ce(III)-complex in distilled water was mixed with poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) polymer to fabricate PVA/ Ce(III)-complex composites with controlled optical properties. The PVA/Ce(III)-complexes composite films were characterized by FTIR, XRD, and UV–Vis spectroscopy. The XRD findings confirms the amorphous structure for the synthesized Ce(III)-complexes. The addition of Ce(III)-complex into the PVA host polymer led to the growth of polymer composites with controllable small optical band gaps. It is shown by the FTIR spectra of the composite films that the functional groups of the host PVA have a vigorous interaction with the Ce(III)-complex. The XRD deconvolution on PVA composites reveals the amorphous phase enlargement with increasing Ce(III)-complex concentration. It is indicated in the atomic force microscopy (AFM) that the surface roughness in the doped PVA films increases with the increase of the Ce(III)-complex. There is a decrease in absorption edge from 5.7 to 1.7 eV. It becomes possible to recognize the type of electron transition by studying both the Tauc's model and optical dielectric loss (ɛi) parameter.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4130/83918
Uncontrolled Keywords: drinking to the synthesis of metal complexes, fabrication of PVA, polymer composites
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1080 Polymers, plastics and their manufacture
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Fathilah Ali
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2020 12:44
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2020 12:44
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/83918

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year