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Analysis of electrokinetic response of solid-liquid mixture during expression operation

Iwata, Masashi and Shimoizu, Kazuya and Sadai, Haruna and Iwasaki, Tomohiro and Nakamura, Kazuho and Jami, Mohammed Saedi (2021) Analysis of electrokinetic response of solid-liquid mixture during expression operation. Separation and Purification Technology, 256. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1383-5866

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Abstract

In the expression process of slurry material using a filter-press of compression type, the process is divided into two periods: the filtration period and the consolidation period. Identification of the exact time of the culmination of filtration period is essential for operating the press effectively. This study focused on the electrokinetic phenomena during expression operation of zinc oxide slurry to obtain information on the status of the filter chamber. We have measured the time course of electrical potential difference (EPD) between both ends of expressed material during the expression process using a laboratory piston press. The absolute value of EPD increased with the progress of the filtration period, followed by the decrease during the consolidation period. It was observed that the time at which the absolute value of the EPD began to decline coincided with the time at which the filtration period ended. EPD reached the plateau value at the end of consolidation. In a consolidation of homogeneous semisolid material, the absolute value of EPD increased at the beginning of the operation, followed by the decline to the plateau value. We have extended the theoretical equation of streaming potential for a straight capillary to be applied to a tortuous flow path of the expressed material. The time course of EPD can be qualitatively explained by using the proposed equation for EPD and calculated liquid pressure distributions based on the conventional filtration and consolidation theories by considering the medium resistance.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5545/83365
Uncontrolled Keywords: Expression, Monitoring, Streaming potential, Filtration, Consolidation
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering
Depositing User: Professor Dr. Mohammed Saedi Jami, PhD CEng MIChemE
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2020 13:08
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2020 11:57
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/83365

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