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Quo vadis development: assessing the livelihood of indigenous people’s communities in Malaysia and the potential for community‑based conservation effort

Zen, Irina Safitri and Saleh, Mohd. Nazeri and Afrizal, Teuku and Yaumidin, Ummi Karomah and Titisari, Prima Wahyu and Hendrayani, Yani (2020) Quo vadis development: assessing the livelihood of indigenous people’s communities in Malaysia and the potential for community‑based conservation effort. Environment, Development and Sustainability, Early Access (June). pp. 1-24. ISSN 1387-585X (In Press)

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Abstract

New development activity brings its various impacts for indigenous people often prompting their relocation to a new area. The 1977’s relocation of indigenous people in Royal Belum, Perak State, Malaysia, as part of its rural spatial development, questions on their livelihood in a new resettlement area and their relationship with nature within the current context of development. Despite the provision of basic facilities and infrastructure and the introduction of mono-crop cultivation and agriculture for the indigenous people, they are still practicing the ‘slash and burn’ method and performing their nomadic forest-based lifestyle. This contributes to their living below the poverty line. This present study explains the coexistence of indigenous people in the context of physical development vis-à-vis conservation effort in the Royal Belum. As neglected issue of interactions and conflicts between indigenous peoples and biodiversity conservation, this study outlined the potential of indigenous people’s community-based practices based on the factors: (1) self-belonging of Royal Belum Forest; (2) biodiversity conservation concerns; (3) sustainable development supporter; and (4) wildlife concerns. The indigenous people close relationship with the nature offers a unique stewardship function for co-creation and co-management practices of community-based sustainable ecotourism and agriculture for further enhancement of their livelihood. This effort will support the socio-economic of national physical spatial plan as well as the co-development of conservation of Royal Belum world natural heritage.

Item Type: Article (Newspaper)
Additional Information: 9079/81681
Uncontrolled Keywords: Indigenous people · Development · Conservation · Biodiversity · Livelihood
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GR Folklore
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD101 Land use
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > HM701 Social systems
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > HM706 Social structure
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races > HT401 Rural groups. Rural sociology
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races > HT51 Human settlements. Communities
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Urban & Regional Planning
Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design
Depositing User: Asst.Prof. Dr. Irina Safitri Zen
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2020 10:00
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2020 11:25
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/81681

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