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Synechococcus sp. and Pseudanabaena sp. cell culture biogenesis towards pH, period of time and bio-concentration factor (BCF)

Othman, Rashidi and Shaharuddin, Ruhul Izzati and Wan Sulaiman, Wan Syibrah Hanisah and Mohd Latiff, Nur Hanie (2020) Synechococcus sp. and Pseudanabaena sp. cell culture biogenesis towards pH, period of time and bio-concentration factor (BCF). Journal of Asian Scientific Research, 10 (3). pp. 222-228. ISSN 2226-5724 E-ISSN 2223-1331

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Abstract

Water pollution and water scarcity due to the discharge of untreated domestic and industrial wastewater into aquatic bodies need serious attention. A number of physical, chemical, and biological methods have been developed for wastewater treatment; among these, the use of cyanobacteria is considered as sustainable ways of averting the consequences. The dual application of microalgae for phycoremediation and biomass production for value products like biofuels and fertilizers is a feasible and eco-friendly alternative. This research aimed to investigate variables controlling heavy metal sequestration mechanism by assessing the effects of environmental variables from the mixtures of artificial wastewater samples using Synechococcus sp., and Pseudanabaena sp. Six heavy metals (Pb, Fe, Cr, Cd, Al, and Cu) treatments were tested and analyzed by Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) at three different periods of time (week 1 until week 3). The results indicated that both cyanobacteria species have equal potential to sequester heavy metals. However, Pseudanabaena sp. is the best phycoremediator agent due to substantial high Bio-concentration factor (BCF) compared to Synechococcus sp. On top of that, a regulatory step for the cyanobacteria cell growth and production mechanism is mediated by pH.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3842/81257
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cyanobacteria, Heavy metal sequestration rate, Phycoremediation, Green technology, Synechococcus sp, Pseudanabaena sp.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling > SH389 Fisheries-Algae and Algae Culture
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD172 Environmental pollution
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Landscape Architecture
Depositing User: Dr rashidi othman
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2020 15:05
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2020 15:05
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/81257

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