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Electrospun porous polylactic acid fibers containing CdS for degradation of methylene blue

Ho, Chit Seng and Zainal Abidin, Nur Hafizah and Nugraha, Muhammad Wahyu and Sambudi, Nonni Soraya and Ali, Fathilah and Wirzal, Mohd Dzul Hakim and Kasmiarno, Laksmi Dewi and Adli, Sarah Amalina (2020) Electrospun porous polylactic acid fibers containing CdS for degradation of methylene blue. Fibers and Polymers, 21 (6). pp. 1212-1221. ISSN 1229-9197 E-ISSN 1875-0052

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The immobilization of photocatalyst in polymer fibers has been found to improve photodegradation of dye and recyclability of material. In this study, porous polylactic acid (PLA) fibers were utilized as photocatalyst support using electrospinning technique to synthesis the fibers. The cadmium sulfide (CdS) was embedded in fibers at the amount of 1 wt%, 3 wt%, and 5 wt% as photocatalyst agent with absorption in visible light range. The electrospun fibers experienced increasing in diameter for 2.6 times (from 175 nm to 450 nm), due to incorporation of CdS. The synthesized CdS has bandgap of 2.35 eV, and its presence in composite fibers can be detected by using energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses. The photodegradation was performed under low-powered halogen lamp, with 90 % removal of methylene blue (MB) after 10 hours of irradiation using CdS(3 wt%)/PLA fibers. This result shows higher performance in comparison with PLA and CdS which could only remove 57 % and 65 % of MB, respectively. The recyclability of composite was tested with satisfying performance; with around 60 % of MB removal was maintained after five times of recycle experiments.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5439/81028
Uncontrolled Keywords: CdS, PLA, Electrospinning, Immobilization, Porous fiber
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1080 Polymers, plastics and their manufacture
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Fathilah Ali
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2020 15:39
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2020 15:54
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/81028

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