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Characterization of tetraethylene glycol-based deep eutectic solvents and their potential application for dissolving unsaturated fatty acids

Hayyan, Adeeb and Hadj-Kali, Mohamed Kamel Omar and M. Salleh, M. Zulhaziman and Hashim, Mohd Ali and Rubaidi, Siti Rohayu and Hayyan, Maan and Zulkifli, M.Y. and Rashid, Shahidah Nusailah and Mirghani, Mohamed Elwathig Saeed and Ali, Emad and Basirun, Wan Jefrey (2020) Characterization of tetraethylene glycol-based deep eutectic solvents and their potential application for dissolving unsaturated fatty acids. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 312 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2020.113284). pp. 1-7. ISSN 0167-7322

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Abstract

Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) are credible alternatives for ionic liquids. Most DESs have favourable properties such as lower production cost, biodegradability and are environmental friendly. In this work, tetraethylene glycol (TTEG)-based DESs were successfully prepared by mixing TTEG and choline chloride at different molar ratios. The physicochemical properties such as conductivity, freezing point, density, surface tension and viscosity were measured at temperatures between 298.15 K and 353.15 K. It was found that the molar ratio of both compounds affected the physicochemical properties. As the solubility of unsaturated fatty acids, such as oleic acid and linoleic acid, in these DESs are industrially significant, this property became an important consideration. Computer simulations using the COSMO-RS program which is based on the interpretation of the σ-profiles, as well as the evaluation of Gibbs energy change of mixing were in excellent agreement with the experimental results. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on TTEG-based DESs which were used to dissolve unsaturated fatty acids. This work could introduce a new perspective in lipids chemistry, biofuel production, food processing and vegetable oil extraction.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4971/80736
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ionic liquid, Thermodynamics, Free fatty acid, COSMO-RS, Green solvent, Physicochemical properties
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Depositing User: A Prof Elwathig Mirghani
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2020 16:10
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2020 16:13
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/80736

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