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Binocular vision problem and amblyopia cases in IIUM Optometry Clinic: a retrospective analysis

Samsimon, Nadia Nabila and Yusof, Firdaus and Kamarudin, Siti Nursyahirah and Othman, Mohd Syafiq Hakimi and Abdullah, Shahirah and Hilmi, Mohd Radzi and Ahmad, Norsham and Md Mustafa, Md Muziman Syah (2020) Binocular vision problem and amblyopia cases in IIUM Optometry Clinic: a retrospective analysis. International Journal of Allied Health Sciences, 4 (1). pp. 988-999. E-ISSN 2600-8491

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Abstract

Aim: To analyze the prevalence of binocular vision (BV) problem and amblyopic cases in the International Islamic University Malaysia Optometry Clinic (IIUM-OC), Kuantan Pahang, Malaysia. Methodology: The present clinical-based retrospective study was conducted, and 1229 patient files from IIUM-OC presented from January 2017 to September 2018 were evaluated. All new cases files with diagnosis of BV problem and amblyopia were recorded and analyzed. Results: The prevalence of BV problem and amblyopia are respectively, 13.59% (167 patients) and 3.42% (42 patients). From the BV problem cases, the highest prevalence is accommodation insufficiency (AI) 26.3% (44 patients), followed by convergence insufficiency (CI) 23.4% (39 patients), accommodation excess (AE) 18.0% (30 patients), accommodation infacility (AF) 7.8% (13 patients), divergence excess (DE) 3.6% (6 patients), basic exophoria 3.6% (6 patients), convergence excess (CE) 3.0% (5 patients), basic esophoria 3.0% (5 patients), ill-sustained accommodation (ISA) 1.2% (2 patients), and divergence insufficiency (DI) 0.6% (1 patient); while the remaining are the combination of various BV problems at 9.6% (16 patients). For amblyopia cases, the unilateral refractive amblyopia recorded as the major type at 50.0% (21 patients). Other causes of amblyopia include strabismus with 16.7% (7 patients), and bilateral refractive with 2.4% (1 patient); while the remaining cases are the combination causes with 31.0% (13 patients). Conclusion: BV problem and amblyopia are prevalent in IIUM-OC which warrant proper management to provide a better care for the patients.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4598/79016
Uncontrolled Keywords: binocular vision problem, amblyopia, prevalence
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Optometry and Visual Science
Depositing User: Dr. Md Muziman Syah Md Mustafa
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2020 00:43
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2021 12:43
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/79016

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