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The comparison of Shape factor and mean toric keratometry between pterygium and normals

Hilmi, Mohd Radzi and Nasir, Mardhiah Syazwani and Mohd. Kamal, Khairidzan and Che Azemin, Mohd Zulfaezal and Norazmar, Nur Ain and Musa, Nur Hidayah and Maruziki, Nur Nabilah (2019) The comparison of Shape factor and mean toric keratometry between pterygium and normals. International Journal of Allied Health Sciences (IJAHS), 3 (4). pp. 848-853. E-ISSN 2600-8491

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Introduction: The aim of this paper is to determine the changes in overall anterior corneal curvature between unilateral primary pterygium and normal adults utilizing shape factor and mean toric keratometry. Methods: Total of 60 participants comprises of 30 unilateral primary pterygium eyes from 30 pterygium patients and 30 normal adults were recruited in this study. Diagnosis and classification of primary pterygium were done by a consultant ophthalmologist (KMK). Standard optometric examinations were performed in all participants. Shape factor (SF) and toric mean keratometry (TKM) were objectively measured using a corneal topographer. Three measurements based on best image quality for SF and TKM were taken by single operator in a same visit. Difference for both SimK and CIM parameters between primary pterygium and normal groups were determined via independent T-test. Results: Overall mean and standard deviation (n = 60) of SF and TKM were found higher in primary pterygium group (0.79 ± 0.09 and 49.09 ± 5.42 D) compared to normal (0.37 ± 0.09 and 44.73 ± 2.02 D) respectively. Independent T-test results showed significance difference in SF and TKM values between primary pterygium groups and normal (both P < 0.001). Conclusions: Both SF and TKM can be used as a tool in describing early changes of pterygium on the anterior corneal surface. Advance pterygium could induce significant increment in both SF and TKM.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7746/78189
Uncontrolled Keywords: pterygium; morphology; shape factor; toric mean keratometry; corneal curvature
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Optometry and Visual Science
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Ophthalmology
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Kulliyyah of Medicine
Depositing User: Dr Mohd Radzi Hilmi
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2020 13:24
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2022 14:23
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/78189

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