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Tourist arrivals to muslim countries: pre- and post-September 11

Mat Ghani, Gairuzazmi (2019) Tourist arrivals to muslim countries: pre- and post-September 11. Journal of Economic Cooperation and Development, 40 (3). pp. 25-36. ISSN 1308-7800

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The incident that occurred on 11 September 2001 changed tourist arrival patterns directly afterward, not only in the United States but also in the Middle East. In the longer run, the negative media portrayal of Islam and Muslim countries after the 9/11 incident also effected tourist travel patterns. This paper examines whether the 9/11 incident affected tourist arrival patterns in Muslim countries using the bilateral tourism flows gravity model. The result indicates that the Muslim country effect was only visible after 2001. Before the September 11 incident, the patterns of tourist arrival between a pair of Muslim and non-Muslim countries were similar.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 2565/77784
Uncontrolled Keywords: 9/11, Islamic Tourism, Terrorism, Shariah Compliant Tourism, OIC.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF3000 By region or country
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Economics
Depositing User: Gairuzazmi Mat Ghani
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2020 15:45
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2020 16:39
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/77784

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