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Personalised campaigns in party-centred politics: facebook and instagram as arena for political communication

Wan Mohd Ghazali, Wan Norshira and Mohamed, Shafizan and Mohd Nasir, Nur Shakira and Abdul Manan, Kamaruzzaman (2019) Personalised campaigns in party-centred politics: facebook and instagram as arena for political communication. IIUM Journal of Human Sciences, 1 (2). pp. 52-64. ISSN 2682-8731

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Social media like Facebook and Instagram place the focus on the individual politician rather than the political party, thereby expanding the political arena for increased personalised campaigning. The need to use social media to communicate a personal image as a politician and to post personalised messages online seems less obvious in a party-centred system of Malaysian politics. Within this framework, the personalised and dialogical aspects of social media may be contradicted with the political parties’ structural communication strategies. The study uses data from content analyses of eight Malaysian politicians’ Facebook and Instagram accounts during the 14thGeneral Election in Malaysia. The study adopts quantitative approach by presenting descriptive and exploratory analyses. The findings show that politiciansdepended more on Facebook as their personal media platform and used Instagram as an image booster. The study explains that different features offer by Facebook and Instagram serve as a determinant for politicians’ decision in using them.The study concludes that both Facebook and Instagram push for personalisation in political communication that requires private exposure and individual initiatives. Overall, the study shows that like other world leaders, Malaysian politicians are keeping abreast with the technology in reaching out various segments of the society for political communicationon social media.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7915/77693
Uncontrolled Keywords: Personalised campaign; Election; Social media; GE 14
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > H61.8 Communication of information
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > H93 Popular works
J Political Science > JQ Political institutions Asia > JQ719 Elections in Malaysia
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of Communication
Depositing User: Dr Shafizan Mohamed
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2020 15:47
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2020 15:59
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/77693

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