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Protein profiling of different plant tissues from herb phyllanthus niruri

Mohd Nail, Ainul Mardhiah and Md Zin, Noor Hasniza (2015) Protein profiling of different plant tissues from herb phyllanthus niruri. Jurnal Teknolog, 77 (24). pp. 95-99. E-ISSN 2180–3722

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Herb Phyllanthus niruri (P. niruri) is known to have various pharmacological functions including anticancer, antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-hypertensive and also anti-diabetic properties. In this research, the proteomic part of P. niruri was studied to determine the bioactive peptides that responsible for specific characteristics. Total soluble proteins from different plant parts of freshly collected P. niruri were extracted using TCA/acetone method and then quantified using Bradford assay. Fruits part was found to have a significantly higher amount of proteins (4.91µg/µl + 0.21) compared to leaves (4.18µg/µl + 0.15). To determine the quality of proteins in the crude extract, SDS-Page was carried out which separates proteins in the basis of molecular weight. Proteins extracted from leaves were widely distributed between the range of 3.5 kDa to 160 kDA. Meanwhile, proteins in fruits mainly distributed within the range of 15 kDa to 80 kDa. The most highly expressed protein band was found in fruit, located in between 30 to 40 kDa. The protein extracts were then further analyzed based on the molecular weight and isoelectric points using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2D-GE) approach. Based on the profile pattern obtained from 2D-GE analysis, protein extract from fruits seems to express more protein spots compared to protein extract from leaves. Protein spots from fruit are seen to be intensely resolved within pH 4 to 10 at molecular weight between 10 kDa to 80 kDa. On the other hand, protein spots from leaves were moderately resolved at pH 4 to 10 at molecular weight within 10 kDa to 50 kDa.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6771/77007
Uncontrolled Keywords: Phyllanthus niruri, bioactive peptides, proteomics
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: Dr Noor Hasniza Md Zin
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2019 15:41
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2019 15:41
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/77007

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