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Response surface optimisation of high antioxidant jelly from Musa paradisiaca and Trigona sp. honey using central composite design as a convenient functional food

Anuar, Mohd Nur Nasyriq and Ibrahim, Muhammad and Kharsa, Badr Eddin and Mat Alewi, Nur Aizura and Hazali, Norazlanshah and Ibrahim, Muhammad and Kaderi, Mohd Arifin and Md Isa, Muhammad Lokman (2019) Response surface optimisation of high antioxidant jelly from Musa paradisiaca and Trigona sp. honey using central composite design as a convenient functional food. International Food Research Journal, 26 (4). pp. 1201-1209. ISSN 1985-4668 E-ISSN 2231-7546

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Abstract

The optimum combination of Musa paradisiaca (MP) and Trigona sp. Honey (TH) in formulating high antioxidant jelly was analysed for total carbohydrate content (CHO), antioxidant capacity (AC), and acceptability via the Response Surface Methodology. Central composite design was employed to optimise the combination effect of two independent variables; namely MP (X1: 20-100%) and TH (X2: 20-100%) on the recovery of three responses; total carbohydrate content (Y1), antioxidant capacity (Y2), and acceptability (Y3). A polynomial model generated a satisfactory fitting of the experimental data with regards to total carbohydrate content (R2 = 0.8974, p < 0.0024), total antioxidant capacity (R2 = 0.9702, p < 0.0001), and acceptability (R2 = 0.9136, p < 0.0001). The optimum combination for maximum recovery of CHO, AC and acceptability were 20% of MP and 20% of TBH, with a predicted CHO of 33 Kcal/5 g, AC of 0.34 nm and acceptability score of 6.16 (< 5: not accepted; > 5: accepted).

Item Type: Article (Review)
Additional Information: 4998/76312
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acceptability, Antioxidant capacity, Carbohydrate content, Methodology, Response surface
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Biomedical Science (Effective:1st July 2011)
Depositing User: Muhammad Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2019 16:42
Last Modified: 26 Dec 2019 08:46
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/76312

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