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Major trends in the historiography of Muslim reformism in pre-Independent Malaysia

Zakariya, Hafiz (2019) Major trends in the historiography of Muslim reformism in pre-Independent Malaysia. Intellectual Discourse, 27 (2). pp. 531-554. ISSN 0128-4878 E-ISSN 2289-5639

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Abstract

Muslim reformism, which emerged in West Asia during the closing years of the nineteenth century, and the early twentieth, was spearheaded by Jamal al-Din al-Afghani and Muhammad ‘Abduh. It responded to the socio-economic and political challenges confronting the Muslim society. Muslim reformism was not only influential in West Asia but also in Southeast Asia. However, most studies on Muslim reform have privileged the “central Islamic lands” at the expense of its “periphery”. As a result, Muslim reform in Malaysia has been marginalised. Thus, this article, discusses the historiography of Muslim reform in Malaya. An analysis of the major writings in English and Malay identified the major trends, issues, and gaps. It argues that the existing studies tend to focus on the intellectual history of reform, while the social history of the diffusion of reformism has not been adequately analysed. Similarly, most works on reform in Malaysia focus on its development in the country alone without embarking upon comparative analysis with other areas such as West Sumatra, Aceh and Java. Existing biographies of reformists focusing on prominent figures such as Syed Sheikh al-Hadi and Sheikh Tahir have been thoroughly examined while other reformists such as Abu Bakar Ashaari, Abdullah Maghribi, and Abu Bakar Bakir have not been adequately studied.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 1984/75079
Uncontrolled Keywords: Muslim reform, Islam in Malaysia, Kaum Muda, Islah in Malaysia, Malaysian historiography
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DS Asia
D History General and Old World > DU Oceania (South Seas)
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > H51 History
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of History & Civilization
Depositing User: AP Dr. Hafiz Zakariya
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2019 15:15
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2020 22:17
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/75079

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