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Prospect of Fe non-heme on coffee flour made from solid coffee waste: Mini review

Setyobud, Roy Hendroko and Zalizar, Lili and Wahono, Satriyo Krido and Widodo, Wahyu and Wahyudi, Ahmad and Mel, Maizirwan and Prabowo, Bayu and Jani, Yahya and Nugroho, Yogo Adhi and Liwang, Tony and Zaebudin, A (2019) Prospect of Fe non-heme on coffee flour made from solid coffee waste: Mini review. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 293. pp. 1-25. ISSN 1755-1307 E-ISSN 1755-1315

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Coffee flour (CF) from coffee pulp or husk, solid waste of coffee processing have launched in Canada since 2015. This product is claimed as certified of gluten-free, vegan, kosher, paleo, and non-GMO. Coffe flour is stated to contain three times Fe content than fresh spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.). Several receipts of cookies, donuts, and cakes using CF has been introduced as wheat flour substitution. However, the scientific publication of CF impact for health does not appear until August 2018 yet. A review has been carried out using data on Google with a maximum publication age of 15 yr. This Fe non-heme prospect is allegedly unable to be absorbed optimally by the organism. Coffee pulp and husk contain an inhibitor, such as caffeine, polyphenol, calcium, dietary fiber, manganese, magnesium, and zinc; which detain Fe absorption. On the other hand, the promoter/enhancer of Fe absorption such as vitamin C, vitamin A, and amino acid was decreased in CF processing. Several types of research have to be conducted to tackle this problem in Faculty of Medicine and Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry University Muhammadyah of Malang, Indonesia.

Item Type: Article (Review)
Additional Information: 4085/74872
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biorefinery, Fe inhibitor, Fe promoter, hemoglobin, zero waste
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Maizirwan Mel
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2019 16:28
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2019 16:28
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/74872

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