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Developing a scientific practice in preservation of 19th century Royal Malay songket shawl

Janpourtaher, Mina and Barkeshli, Mandana and Othman, Rashidi (2019) Developing a scientific practice in preservation of 19th century Royal Malay songket shawl. American Journal of Environmental Protection, 8 (2). pp. 54-61. ISSN 2328-5680 E-ISSN 2328-5699

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Abstract

The fabric under study is one of the exquisite songket shawl dated around 19th century housed in National Museum of Malaysia. This study aims to identify the materials, techniques and analyze the texture, motifs and dyes through historical and artistic review as well as scientific analysis, identification of deterioration factors and examining the different causes of damages. In order to conserve and restore the samples, identification of the material technology on natural and metal threads, weaving as well as dye and motifs were carried out. Natural fibers were detected by using chemical analysis, FTIR and FESEM-EDS were used for examination of metallic threads. The condition survey was carried out and analyzed through the original historic samples to identify its feature and behavior against physical and chemical agencies. Examination results showed the fibers are delicate cotton and natural pigments used in dying process. Also according to the FESEM results, metal threads was identified as gilt-silver which is deteriorated in some parts and covered with layer of corrosion. A series of internal and external destructive factors as well as improper past repairs caused several damages to the fabric. It became evident that by exposing fabrics to improper storage and display technique had caused considerable physical, chemical and mechanical harm to the parts of sample. Based on the current condition of the fabric proper method of preservation treatment was applied and a specific method of displaying of songket shawl textiles was designed as a guideline for Malaysia’s museums.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6091/73514
Uncontrolled Keywords: Songket Shawl, Preservation, Restoration, FESEM-EDS, FTIR, Display
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NK Decorative arts Applied arts Decoration and ornament
N Fine Arts > NK Decorative arts Applied arts Decoration and ornament > NK1127.5 Preservation of art objects and antiques
N Fine Arts > NK Decorative arts Applied arts Decoration and ornament > NK3600 Other arts and art industries. Ceramics. Costume. Glass. Glyptic arts. Metalwork. Textiles. Woodwork > NK9505 Textiles
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Landscape Architecture
Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design
Depositing User: Dr rashidi othman
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2019 10:07
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2019 10:07
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/73514

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