IIUM Repository

Fifty years of communicative language teaching; A synthesis of critical implementation issues

Mohd. Asraf, Ratnawati and Hossain, Muhammad Tofazzel and Tan, Kok Eng (2019) Fifty years of communicative language teaching; A synthesis of critical implementation issues. The Asian ESP Journal, 15 (1.2). pp. 147-175. ISSN 1833-3001 E-ISSN 2206-0979

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (273kB) | Request a copy
Download (369kB) | Preview


The last few decades have witnessed the widespread adoption of the communicative approach to teaching English to students of other languages with a view of helping them achieve communicative competence. However, in terms of implementation, Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) has encountered various problems in the EFL and ESL contexts. Drawing on previous research, this article presents the reader with a critical review and synthesis of the issues precluding the usage of CLT in ESL/EFL countries around the world. Specifically, it examines the problems faced by teachers in using the approach and the constraints resulting from their lack of skills and capability, culture, and context and examination-oriented education systems. The article concludes with an emphasis on the need to develop teachers' English language proficiency, provide regular pedagogical training in CLT, adapt the approach to be more culture and context sensitive, and create more authentic language learning assessment to overcome the wash-back effect. CLT may be looking at a better future in ESL/EFL countries if these critical issues can be addressed effectively.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 792/72888
Uncontrolled Keywords: CLT pedagogy, communicative competence, Communicative Language Teaching, cultural appropriateness, Grammar Translation Method, washback effect
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Education
Kulliyyah of Education > Department of Language & Literacy
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Ratnawati Mohd Asraf
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2019 15:28
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2021 11:18
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/72888

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year