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Effects of plasticizer on mechanical properties of durian skin fiber reinforced polylactic acid biocomposite

Abd. Rashid, Siti Munirah Salimah and Anuar, Hazleen and Mohd Apandi, Siti Nur E'zzati and Buys, Yose Fachmi and Hassan, Noor Azlina (2019) Effects of plasticizer on mechanical properties of durian skin fiber reinforced polylactic acid biocomposite. In: International Conference on X-Rays and Related Techniques in Research and Industry 2018 (ICXRI 2018), 18th-19th August 2018, Kota Baharu, Kelantan.

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This study focus on reinforcing of durian skin fiber (DSF) and polylactic acid (PLA) for food packaging. Epoxidized palm oil (EPO) was used as a plasticizer to enhance the properties of the biocomposite. The biocomposite was fabricated by extrusion and injection molding processes. The tensile properties of PLA/DSF with EPO improved by 9.3% and 70.0% for the tensile strength and elongation at break, respectively. The plasticized PLA/DSF biocomposite also showed improvement in impact properties by 37.0%. The SEM micrographs of plasticized PLA/DSF biocomposite revealed no gap between fiber and matrix suggesting good interfacial adhesion between DSF and PLA. In can be concluded that PLA/DSF biocomposite is suitable to be used for disposable food container material.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 4130/71869
Uncontrolled Keywords: Plasticizer, Mechanical Properties of Durian Skin Fiber Reinforced, Polylactic Acid Biocomposite
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS195 Packaging
T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS800 Wood technology. Lumber. Wood products. Furniture. Chemical processing of wood
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Hazleen Anuar
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2019 15:36
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2019 14:54
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/71869

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