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Preparation and characterization of Poly (lactic acid) (PLA)/Polyamide 6 (PA6)/ Graphene Nanoplatelet (GNP) blends bio-based nanocomposites

Mat Piah, Mohd Bijarimi and Mohd Yusof, Mohammad Amirul and Ahmad, Mohammad Norazmi and Ramli, Azizan and Mat Desa, Mohd Shaiful Zaidi and Desa, Md Anuar and Abu Samah, Mohd Armi (2019) Preparation and characterization of Poly (lactic acid) (PLA)/Polyamide 6 (PA6)/ Graphene Nanoplatelet (GNP) blends bio-based nanocomposites. Materials Research Express, 6 (5). pp. 1-8. ISSN 2053-1591

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Biodegradable PLA is commonly derived from renewable resources and benign to the environment.It is a brittle thermoplastic with high strength and modulus; thus a suitable candidate for replacing conventional petroleum-based plastic.However,due to its limitation, PLA needs to be blended with other polymers and fillersforpropertiesmodifications.The aim of this work was to prepare PLA/ PA6/GNP nano composites and characterize on the mechanical,thermal,chemical and dispersion of nanofiller in binary blend systems. PLA/PA6/GNP nano composites were blended by using a Haake twin screw extruder via melt intercalation method. The ratio of the polymer matrix was fixed at 20:80 and the processing temperature was in the range of 205°C to 260°C. Graphene nano platelet fillers were then loaded in the PLA/PA6 blends with 0.5,1.0,3.0 and 5.0 wt%. It was found that PLA/PA6/ GNP(5.0) nano composites were the overall highest in terms of thermal and mechanical properties. PLA/PA6/GNP nano composites improved the mechanical properties in terms of elongation at break and maximum stress as well as improved the degradation temperature. The property improvement in the nano composites was due to the dispersion of GNP in the polymer matrix. It was also found that there was no chemical interaction between a functional group of nano composites. It can be concluded that nano composites were incompatible and immiscible with PA6.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7148/70877
Uncontrolled Keywords: PLA,PA6 polyamide,nano composites, graphene nano platelet
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > Q Science (General) > Q128 Islam and Science
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr Mohammad Norazmi Ahmad
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2019 16:26
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2019 16:26
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/70877

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