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Culture, power, and the state ideology

Wan Mohd Ghazali, Wan Norshira (2018) Culture, power, and the state ideology. In: International Seminar on Media and Communication (ISMEC 2018), 25th Sept. 2018, Kuala Lumpur. (Unpublished)

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This paper aims at establishing relationships between culture, power, and the state ideology. The reading of Malaysian politics through Gramsci’s conceptual framework provides a tentative interpretation on the state’s exercise of power with popular consent, the structure of power, relation between the state and subaltern groups. Reading through Gramsci’s theory of hegemony, the paper explores the construction and enactment of Islam by the power of the state. It highlights how Islam came to be constructed as the state ideology and how the state establishes and maintains the hegemonic strategy. On this basis, Islam has been used to produce a specific set of hegemonic structures in Malaysia to gain national-popular support. Further, the state-society relations will be explored through Gramsci’s notion of civil society to illustrate the possible resistance to the state hegemony. The paper suggests that civil society as a field of contestations in Malaysia. The 14th General Election result has demonstrated that ideology could be contested, hence challenging the state’s domination or coercive power.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 7915/70330
Uncontrolled Keywords: Civil society, culture, ideology, power, state hegemony
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
J Political Science > JC Political theory > JC49 Islam and Politics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences
Depositing User: Dr Wan Norshira Wan Mohd Ghazali
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2019 09:27
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2019 09:27
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/70330

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