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Technique to produce catalyst from egg shell and coconut waste for biodiesel production

Sulaiman, Sarina and Talha, Nur Syakirah (2018) Technique to produce catalyst from egg shell and coconut waste for biodiesel production. In: Multifaceted protocol in biotechnology. Springer Nature, Singapore, pp. 83-92. ISBN 978-981-13-2256-3

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Abstract

Many studies have been conducted to develop low cost catalysts to reduce the production cost. Several catalysts such as homogeneous/heterogeneous acid catalysts, homogeneous/heterogeneous base catalysts and biocatalysts (enzymes) have been studied and applied in the synthesis of biodiesel. Base- catalyzed transesterification is commonly used in commercial production because of high FAME yield in short reaction time and the reaction can be done in mild conditions as compared to acid-catalyzed transesterification. In the present study, egg shell and coconut waste were synthesized using calcination method at 800 °C for 4 h. SEM micrographs prove that the mixture of catalyst shows a bigger surface area. This result is expected to increase the yield of biodiesel. It can be concluded that biodiesel was produced successfully using palm oil and mixed catalysts.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 6797/70271
Uncontrolled Keywords: Catalyst · Coconut waste · Biodiesel · Waste catalyst · Calcination · Characterization · Egg shell · Scanning electron microscopy · Restaurant Waste · Transesterification
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP200 Manufacture and use of chemicals
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Sarina Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2019 16:42
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2019 16:42
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/70271

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