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Construction of metagenomic DNA libraries and enrichment strategies

Benbelgacem, Farah Fadwa and Mohd. Salleh, Hamzah and Noorbatcha, Ibrahim Ali (2018) Construction of metagenomic DNA libraries and enrichment strategies. In: Multifaceted protocol in biotechnology. Springer Nature, Singapore, pp. 23-42. ISBN 978-981-13-2256-3

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Abstract

Microorganisms are the main source of biocatalysts and with metagenomics approach it is now possible to overcome the major obstacle of microbiology which lies on the inability of the vast majority of microbes to grow under laboratory conditions. This chapter introduces and guides readers to a molecular biology approach that is useful for bioprospecting of novel, efficient and specific enzymes without escaping any unculturable or difficult to culture microorgaims. The first and necessary step of functional metagenomics is the metagenomic DNA library construction. It consists of metagenome extraction from the desired habitat, shearing of the DNA into sequences of desired size, endrepairing and cloning of these DNA sequences into a large-insert and high-copy number vector such as pCC1FOS with EPI300T1R E. coli as surrogate host, to the final step of storing the clones in glycerol stock for long term storage. Enrichment pre-DNA extraction step may be adopted to increase the likelihood that metagenomic DNA libraries hold the genes for the desired enzymatic activities.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 1813/70247
Uncontrolled Keywords: Metagenomic library · Enrichment strategies · Function-based metagenomic · End-repair · High-throughput screening
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP200 Manufacture and use of chemicals
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Hamzah Mohd. Salleh
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2019 15:45
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2019 10:15
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/70247

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