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Prevalence of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) in OIC countries: implications on healthcare system

Mazlan, Munirah and Mohamad Diah, Nurazzura and Samsudin, Suhaiza (2018) Prevalence of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) in OIC countries: implications on healthcare system. Global Journal Al-Thaqafah (GJAT), 8 (2). pp. 45-53. ISSN 2232-0474 E-ISSN 2232-0482

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Abstract

Today, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are one of the main causes of death around the world, including countries under the banner of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). The surge in the prevalence of CVDs is predominantly contributed by demographic changes and adoption of sedentary lifestyles together with deficient in physical activity. The objective of this paper is to examine the patterns of CVDs in OIC countries and how this has significantly affected the healthcare system. Relevant data from 56 OIC countries were obtained from the report by World Health Organization (WHO) in 2016. Descriptive content analysis was conducted to see variations in CVDs across income groups, genders and health conditions. The analysis suggests that CVDs are the main cause of mortality, particularly in high income and upper-middle income countries. Tobacco smoking, alcohol intake, high blood pressure and obesity are the common risk factors which contribute to CVDs. Men are known to have high risk factors compared to women. Indeed, the burden of NCDs has impacted not only on the quality of life of affected individuals and their families, but also on the country’s socio-economic system.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 2612/69219
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases; Health; Mortality; OIC countries; Risk factors
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > HM621 Culture
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > HM711 Groups and organizations
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > HM826 Social institutions
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > HM831 Social change
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA644.3 Public Health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine - Chronic and Noninfectious Diseases and Public Health
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of Sociology & Anthropology
Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Family Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Depositing User: DR NURAZZURA MOHAMAD DIAH
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2019 12:11
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2019 15:09
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/69219

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