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Scale deposits from palm oil mill effluent (POME) treatment and various other industries: A developmental review

N., Muzzammil and Jami, Mohammed Saedi and Abu Bakar, Mohd Rushdi and Subramaniam, Vijaya and Kheang, Loh Soh (2018) Scale deposits from palm oil mill effluent (POME) treatment and various other industries: A developmental review. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 30 (3). pp. 361-365. ISSN 1511-2780

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Abstract

The palm oil mill effluent (POME) treatment process is exposed to the formation of crystal-like deposits where their accumulation could create a significant threat to achieving an efficient POME treatment. This article reviewed similar occurrences in other industries, discussed factors influencing the crystal formation and suggested possible solutions to be applied in the oil palm industry. From the review, it was found that crystal deposits have always been a nuisance and sometimes a significant threat to similar industries such as industrial, agricultural and municipal wastewater treatment facilities. Other industries where there is a handling process of certain type of fluids such as heat transfer and oil reservoir drilling fluids also faces similar problems. The article also presented the spectrum of methods for mitigation and removal of the crystal formed. For many cases, nutrient recovery through struvite precipitation has become attractive as it not only reduces crystal growth but at the same time prevents excessive nutrients discharge to the environment. Further exploitation of the recovered struvite as a fertiliser source could possibly generate additional income to the oil palm industry.

Item Type: Article (Review)
Additional Information: 5545/68809
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crystallisation; Industrial wastewater; Nutrient recovery; Palm oil mill effluent; Struvite precipitation
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP690 Petroleum refining and products
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Associate Dr. Mohammed Saedi Jami, PhD CEng MIChemE
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2018 16:20
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2019 15:33
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/68809

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