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Psychometric properties of Bahasa Malaysia version of the Swanson, Nolhan and Pelham (SNAP-IV) – teacher and parent ratings of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms

Jusoh, Masnira and Dzulkarnain, Ahmad Aidil Arafat and Rahmat, Sarah and Musa, Ramli and Che Azemin, Mohd Zulfaezal (2019) Psychometric properties of Bahasa Malaysia version of the Swanson, Nolhan and Pelham (SNAP-IV) – teacher and parent ratings of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms. International Journal of Allied Health Sciences, 3 (1 Special Issue: Building Blocks for Successful Audiological Services). p. 556. E-ISSN 2600-8491

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Introduction: SNAP-IV is one of the behaviour rating scales based on teacher or parent perception to screen patients with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms. The SNAP-IV consists of 26 items that assesses the ADHD core symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity and inattention, together with symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). The original SNAP-IV has been psychometrically validated with report of high reliability and satisfactory on validation. To the author’s knowledge, limited of the teacher-parent-reported questionnaire for ADHD is available in Malay language; therefore, a research is required to translate or develop such a questionnaire. This study therefore aimed to translate the English version of SNAP-IV into Bahasa Malaysia (BM) and to measure its psychometric properties. Methods: Forward and backward translations were done in BM in accordance to the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline. The translated questionnaire was then reconciled and harmonized for cultural and content validation by the researchers and five expert panels before being piloted among 91 parents. Psychometric evaluations have been conducted using Cronbach’s α (for internal reliability), Pearson’s correlation (for inter-item correlation) and exploratory factor analysis (for construct validity) were performed to all of the responses obtained from the respondents. Results: The BM-SNAP-IV had excellent Cronbach’s α value of 0.97 for combined items and for its respective sub-scales of inattention (0.94), hyperactivity/impulsivity (0.92) and ODD (0.91). The items within the same sub-scales were significantly correlated with the ranged between strong and very strong (r=0.70-0.85, p<0.01). The BM-SNAPIV has acceptable factor loading values for most items (0.39-0.82). Conclusions: The preliminary finding suggests the translated version of SNAP-IV has the potential to be a reliable and valid screening tool for ADHD population in Malaysia. This tool may also be used to further investigate the relationship between attention deficits and Auditory Processing Disorder (APD). Further studies are required to support this notion.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6683/68179
Uncontrolled Keywords: assessment; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; children; SNAP-IV; reliability; validity
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Heatlh. Child health services. Preventive health services for children
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Optometry and Visual Science
Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Psychiatry
Depositing User: Mrs Masnira Jusoh
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2019 09:20
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2019 16:41
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/68179

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