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Optimizing the pre-treatment of kenaf bast

Seeni Mohamed, Nurhafizah and Anuar, Hazleen and Mel, Maizirwan and Mohd. Sibi, Nurhanis (2011) Optimizing the pre-treatment of kenaf bast. In: Malaysia Polymer International Conference 2011 (MPIC 2011), 18-20 October 2011, Equatorial Hotel Putrajaya. (Unpublished)

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Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) is a warm season annual fiber crop which is found to be the best alternative plant to substitute the raw material for lactic acid production due to its short period of harvest time and process high quality cellulose. It is a lignocellulosic material which is naturally resistant to breakdown to its structural sugars that will inhibit microorganisms to be accessed through. Therefore, it needs to undergo pre - treatment process either by mild acid hydrolysis or base hydrolysis in order to liberate glucose. Basically, three solvents such as sodium hydroxide (NaOH), sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH) were used to determine the best method for pre-treatment process and the result is H2SO4 which gave 9.83% of glucose conversion or 2.95 g/L glucose. The maximum result that was obtained during optimization process to produce glucose is 8.65 g/L, equivalent to 21.63 percent glucose conversion.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Full Paper)
Additional Information: 4130/6782
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kenaf, lignocellulosic materials, pre-treatment, glucose
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS195 Packaging
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Hazleen Anuar
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2011 23:20
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2011 00:57
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/6782

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