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Safety of basal-bolus versus premixed insulin intensification regimens in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a narrative review of a 14-year experience

Penwalla, Nazia I, and Othman, Noordin and Mohamed Nazar, Nor Ilyani and Nik Ahmad, Nik Nur Fatnoon (2015) Safety of basal-bolus versus premixed insulin intensification regimens in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a narrative review of a 14-year experience. Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, 10 (3). pp. 257-265.

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Abstract

Objectives: The best insulin regimen for the intensification of insulin therapy in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remains controversial. Despite substantial research, the body of evidence concerning the safety aspects of such regimens has never been summarized. We conducted a 14-year narrative review to compare the safety outcomes of basal-bolus (BB) versus premixed (PM) insulin regimens. Methods: We searched electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Proquest and Google Scholar) for English language studies published from January 2000 to December 2014 to identify studies comparing insulin intensification regimens. Only studies measuring the safety-related parameters of the specific regimens in T2DM adult patients were selected for further review. The extracted data were independently reviewed by two researchers, and disagreements were resolved by discussion. Results: Of the 20 retrieved studies, we included 10 studies that specifically compared the safety parameters of BB and PM Insulin regimens. Among the safety outcomes measured were hypoglycaemia, weight gain and adverse events. Broadly, we determined that the BB insulin regimens were comparable to the PM insulin regimens in terms of hypoglycaemia and adverse events. In terms of weight gain, two of seven studies showed significant weight gain in BB insulin regimen arms. Conclusions: Generally, the safety profile of BB insulin regimen was comparable to that of the PM insulin regimen. None of the identified studies performed headto- head comparisons utilizing human insulin regimens in both arms. Research comparing non-analogue insulin regimens is warranted.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5158/66664
Uncontrolled Keywords: Basal-bolus; Insulin intensification regimen; Premixed; Safety; Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC627 Specialties of Internal Medicine-Metabolic Diseases
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Internal Medicine
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy Practice
Depositing User: Dr Nik Nur Fatnoon Nik Ahmad
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2018 09:30
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2018 09:30
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/66664

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