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A pilot study on the use of low level laser therapy in treatment of temporomandibular disorder

Kashmola, Muhanad Ali Hamdon and Mustafa, Nazih Shaban and Kamal Hayati, Ahmad Fahmi and Idzhar, Muhammad Ikramullah (2018) A pilot study on the use of low level laser therapy in treatment of temporomandibular disorder. Journal of International Dental and Medical Research, 11 (2). pp. 669-675. E-ISSN 1309-100X

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Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) is a collective term that embracing a number of clinical problems that involve the masticatory muscles, Temporomandibular Joint (TMJs), and the associated structures. It characterized by facial pain in the area of TMJ and muscle of mastication, restriction and sound during mandibular movement. Recently physical therapy such as Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) is used as one of the treatment modalities and it is believed to promote wound healing, tissue repair and induce analgesia. Materials and methods: Convenience sampling was used which consist of 22 volunteered patients, 14 were treated with conventional treatment and 8 were treated with combination of LLLT and conventional therapy. Laser machine used was Waterlase/Biolase © 2007 with irradiation 0.5 W- 30 Hz daily for three consecutive days, then once a week review treatment for two weeks. The space between laser beam and skin is 3 cm, applied as small circles for 2-3 minutes. Pain intensity before and after the treatment was recorded by using numerical rating scale (NRS). Statistical data analysis was conducted using SPSS software. Wilcoxon-sign ranked-test and Mann-Whitney U test were used. Results: Pain intensity was reduced significantly in patients whom treated by combination of LLLT and conventional therapy. (p<0.05). Pain intensity after treatment for female were higher (M=1.20, SD=1.10) than for male (M=0.00, SD=0.00). Younger patients have higher pain intensity than older patients. LLLT is effective to be used as adjunct to the current conventional treatment in relieving pain in TMDs

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5756/66017
Uncontrolled Keywords: Laser, TMJ, Treatment
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry > RK318 Oral and Dental Medicine. Pathology. Diseases-Therapeutics-General Works
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Dentistry > Department of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery and Oral Diagnosis
Depositing User: Assoc. Pro Muhannad Ali Kashmoola
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2018 16:25
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2019 10:14
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/66017

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