IIUM Repository

Comparison of the essential oil components in fresh peels of lime (citrus aurantifolia) extracted with supercritical fluid extraction and other three traditional extraction methods

Muhd Zin, Nur Huda and Abd Hamid, Shafida and Wan Abdul Khodir, Wan Kartini and Aminudin, Nurul Iman and Danial, Wan Hazman and Bakhtiar, M. Taher and Darnis, Deny Susanti (2018) Comparison of the essential oil components in fresh peels of lime (citrus aurantifolia) extracted with supercritical fluid extraction and other three traditional extraction methods. In: International Conference of Analytical Sciences (SKAM31), 17th-19th August 2018, Kuantan, Pahang.

[img] PDF (Abstract)
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (956kB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF (Slides) - Presentation
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (40MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Citrus is one of the famous crops that widely cultivated and is the most commonly utilized fruits in the world due to its pleasant taste and nutritional value. Citrus essential oil is also highly in demand by consumer but the production cost is quite expensive as it produced in very low quantity. Moreover, the chemical compositions in citrus essential oil influence its biological activity such as antioxidant, germicidal, antifungi and antimicrobial. Unfortunately, there is lack of information comparing the chemical components in Citrus aurantifolia essential oils extracted using different methods. In this study the peels of C. aurantifolia fruits were extracted using hydro-distillation, steam-distillation, solvent extraction and supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) techniques and the chemical composition was compared using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) and Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detector (GC-FID). The main components in the essential oils from hydro-distillation and steam-distillation were (+)-limonene, (-)-β-pinene and α-citral with leden oxide (II) and 5α-cholestan-3β-ol, 2-methylene were also present in the essential oil from steam-distillation process. While, ethyl iso-allocholate, citraptene, D:C-friedours-7-ene-3-one, herniarin, and isopimpinellin were the major components present in the essential oil from solvent extraction method. In SFE extraction, the main chemical compounds in peel of C. aurantifolia were 7,9-di-tert-butyl-1-oxaspiro(4,5)deca-6,9-diene-2,8-dione, citraptene, isopimpinellin, and herniarin. The results show that monoterpene was the major component in hydro-distillation and steam-distillation while, coumarin was the major component in solvent extraction and SFE methods. The results also indicate that different extraction methods used produce different yield and chemical constituents. The percentage yield and major class of component of fresh peels C. aurantifolia using different methods were significantly different (p<0.05). However, there was no significance difference (p>0.05) in extraction methods used in total chemical composition in C. aurantifolia essential oils.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Slide Presentation)
Additional Information: 5980/65950
Uncontrolled Keywords: Citrus aurantifolia, extraction, essential oil, chemical components
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Kulliyyah of Science
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr Deny Susanti Darnis
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2018 11:19
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2018 11:19
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/65950

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year