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Bambangan (Mangifera pajang) kernel fat: a potential new source of cocoa butter alternative

Akanda, Md Jahurul Haque and Soon, Y. and Md. Shaarani, Sharifudin and Mamat, Hasmadi and H. Mansoor, Arsalan and Sarker, Md. Zaidul Islam and Lee, J. S. and Ali, Md Eaqub (2018) Bambangan (Mangifera pajang) kernel fat: a potential new source of cocoa butter alternative. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 53 (7). pp. 1689-1697. ISSN 0950-5423 E-ISSN 1365-2621 (In Press)

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Abstract

Bambangan (Mangifera pajang) is one of the underutilised tropical fruits found in the Borneo islands (Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei). The physicochemical and thermal properties of bambangan kernel fat (BKF) were investigated in an effort to identify an innovative fat that could be exploited in confectionery applications. The fatty acids and triglyceride (TG) contents, melting behaviour and solid fat content (SFC) of the BKF were determined by various chromatographic and thermal techniques. BKF had three main TGs, namely 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-3-stearoyl-glycerol (POS) (11.6%), 1,3-distearoyl-2-oleoyl-glycerol (SOS) (28.7%) and 1-stearoyl-2,3-dioleoyl-glycerol (SOO) (11.2%), with SOS being the major component. Stearic, oleic and palmitic acids were the dominant fatty acids with the area percentage of 36.4%, 44.5% and 8.4%, respectively. The melting behaviour indicated a single curve with only one maximum shoulder. With respect to the physicochemical and thermal properties, BKF is ideal for use in formulations (blending components) as an alternative to CB in food products, especially confectionary products.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6605/65920
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bambangan (Mangifera pajang); kernel fat; potential new source; Cocoa butter alternative
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Physics
Depositing User: Professor Dr. Md. Zaidul Islam Sarker
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2019 13:43
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2019 08:53
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/65920

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