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Simulation modelling and analysis of crowd evacuation by utilizing evolutionary stable strategy

Mohd Ibrahim, Azhar and Venkat, Ibrahim and Khader, Ahamad Tajudin (2016) Simulation modelling and analysis of crowd evacuation by utilizing evolutionary stable strategy. ICIC Express Letters: An International Journal of Research and Surveys, 10 (1). pp. 255-262. ISSN 1881-803X (In Press)

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Abstract

Crowd and evacuation management has been active areas of research and study in the recent past. Various developments continue to take place in the process of efficient evacuation of crowd in mass gatherings. This article is intended to provide an analysis on crowd evacuation models based on the game theory approach. There will be interaction among evacuees in which the evacuees tend to be either cooperator or defector in order to move towards desired path. This paper analyzes in detail the pure and mixed strategy of Nash Equilibrium (NE) and Evolutionary Stable Strategy (ESS) as a result of different types of interaction among evacuees under different scenarios that possibly could happen during normal and emergency evacuation. We found out that due to the higher cost of interrupting than the value of benefit able to move, the proportion of defectors playing the ESS will decrease compared to the proportion of cooperators playing the ESS.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 8484/65628
Uncontrolled Keywords: Evacuation simulation, Game theory, Evolutionary Stable Strategy
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800 Electronics. Computer engineering. Computer hardware. Photoelectronic devices > TK7885 Computer engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechatronics Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Azhar Mohd Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2019 09:31
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2019 09:31
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/65628

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