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Optimization of TiO2 thin film thickness for dye sensitized solar cell applications

Mohamad, Souad A. and Ahmed, Nafees and Othman, Raihan and Othman, Maizatulnisa (2018) Optimization of TiO2 thin film thickness for dye sensitized solar cell applications. In: International Conference on Advances in Manufacturing and Materials Engineering 2017, ICAMME 2017, 8th-9th August 2017, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Gombak Campus, Kuala Lumpur.

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Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) rely on the absorption of photons by the dye molecules which are transported to the conduction band of the TiO2 electrode. The microstructure, energy gap and the absorption spectra of the TiO2 electrodes highly affects the efficiency of the cell. In this paper, the absorption spectra and energy gap has been studied by varying the thickness of the TiO2 paste. Nanocrystalline TiO2 thin films were deposited on ITO glass substrate with three different thickness (4.54μm, 7.12μm and 12.3μm) by using doctor blade method. After deposition all the samples were sintered at 450°C after deposition to enhance the particle bonding and for achieving better adhesion. The samples were characterized by UV-VIS spectra for determining the absorption spectra and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) for investigating the thickness and the surface morphology. Fabricating the electrodes with different thickness showed significant changes in the energy gap and from the results it can be concluded that the energy gap increases with the increased thickness. The highest energy gap of 2.25ev and absorption 3.791 was achieved by 12.3μm thick sample. The absorption spectra also shows better absorption throughout the whole visible light range but the SEM images suggests that 12.3μm thick sample shows cracks all over the deposited region which will cause current leakage when the cell is assembled. Therefore, the optimum result was achieved by 7.12μm thick sample providing 1.9 ev energy gap and 3.91 absorption peak.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 2593/65094
Uncontrolled Keywords: Optimization; Thin film thickness; Dye sensitized solar cell applications
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401 Materials of engineering and construction
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Maizatulnisa Othman
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2018 16:08
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2018 15:23
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/65094

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