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Fundamentals of scientific thinking in Islamic tradition

Shogar, Ibrahim Adam Ahmed (2018) Fundamentals of scientific thinking in Islamic tradition. Revelation and Science, 8 (1). pp. 38-49. ISSN 2229-9645 E-ISSN 2229-9947

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Abstract

This article investigates fundamentals of scientific thinking in Islamic tradition to elucidate its epistemological and cultural elements. The phrase ‘Scientific Thinking’ is generally used for the intellectual activity which encompasses both the content of knowledge and set of reasoning processes that permeate the field of acquiring knowledge. Formation of systematic mind, systemization of inquiry, and construction of an objective research method are the major characteristics of scientific thinking. The investigation on source, cause, and aspects of systemization of inquiry is, therefore, contributes immensely in development of scientific enterprise. The major approaches in the history of science that contributed in systemization of inquiry are such as the rational approach that espoused by the ancient Greek philosophy, formation of scientific mind that introduced by the Qur’anic revelation to investigate the natural phenomena, and the experimental method of modern science that based on systematic observation. This article aims to investigate the case of Qur’anic approach to investigate nature and its contribution in developing matrix of scientific thinking in Islamic tradition. The Qur’anic exposure of human thought to the natural phenomena based on systematic observation had contributed and played a major role in development of science in early history of Islamic civilization, preservation of scientific legacy of ancient civilizations, and subsequently have caused the emergence of modern science. The major characteristics and the peculiar features of scientific thinking in Islamic tradition will be investigated. The epistemological and cultural aspects of scientific thinking in Islamic tradition will be investidated as well. Kajian ini menganalisa asas pemikiran saintifik dalam tradisi Islam untuk memahami elemen epistemologi dan budayanya. Frasa 'Pemikiran saintifik' secara amnya digunakan untuk aktiviti intelektual yang merangkumi kedua-dua pengisian pengetahuan dan set proses penalaran yang merangkumi bidang untuk memperolehi ilmu pengetahuan. Pembentukan minda sistematik, sistem pertanyaan, dan pembinaan kaedah penyelidikan objektif adalah ciri utama kepada pemikiran saintifik. Penganalisisan terhadap sumber, punca, dan aspek sistemisasi penyelidikan, merupakan penyumbang dalam pengembangan pembangunan ilmiah. Pendekatan utama dalam sejarah sains yang menyumbang dalam sistem penyelidikan adalah seperti pendekatan rasional yang diguna pakai oleh falsafah Yunani kuno, pembentukan fikiran saintifik yang diperkenalkan oleh wahyu Al-Qur'an untuk menyelidik fenomena semula jadi, dan kaedah percubaan sains moden yang berdasarkan pemerhatian sistematik. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji kes pendekatan Qur'ānic terhadap alam dan sumbangannya dalam membangun matriks pemikiran saintifik dalam tradisi Islam. Pendedahan pemikiran umat manusia terhadap fenomena alam berdasarkan pemerhatian sistematik telah menyumbang dan memainkan peranan penting dalam pembangunan sains dalam sejarah awal tamadun Islam, pemeliharaan warisan saintifik tamadun purba, dan seterusnya telah menyebabkan kemunculan moden sains. Ciri-ciri utama dan ciri-ciri pelik saintifik dalam tradisi Islam akan dikaji. Begitu juga kajian berkaitan dengan aspek-aspek epistemologi dan budaya pemikiran saintifik dalam tradisi Islam.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4594/65009
Uncontrolled Keywords: Scientific thinking, epistemological aspects, social dynamisms, Islamic tradition, rational framework, systematic inquiry, Pemikiran saintifik, aspek epistemologi, dinamisme sosial, tradisi Islam, kerangka rasional, pertanyaan sistematik.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General) > Q128 Islam and Science
Q Science > QC Physics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Computational and Theoretical Sciences
Depositing User: Assoc.Prof. Dr. Ibrahim Shogar
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2018 16:52
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2019 15:00
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/65009

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