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Oxidative stress induced nephrotoxicity in chronic low dose organophosphates exposure

Aung, Sanda and Abdullah, Nor Zamzila and A.Talib, Norlelawati and Abdul Razak, Tariq and Mat Zainone, Zamzuria (2018) Oxidative stress induced nephrotoxicity in chronic low dose organophosphates exposure. In: 2018 International Congress of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine (ICPaLM 2018), 28th-30th June 2018, Kuala Lumpur. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Introduction: There were significant epidemiological evidences that suggested the association of end-stage renal diseases of unknown aetiology with chronic pesticide exposure. Our previous assessment of renal tissue of Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to chronic low dose OP had found significant microscopic features consistent with renal tubular damage. This study postulated that the renal damage is the consequences of oxidative stress which may lead to cell death through apoptosis. The aims of the current study is to determine the pathways involved in the above microscopic changes. Materials & Methods: Two groups of males Sprague-Dawley rats of 6 rats each: control group and exposed group (received an alternate day of subcutaneous 18.0 mg/kg BW chlorpyrifos) were sacrificed at 150 days. A small tissue section from the renal cortex was preserved in RNAlater whilst the other half of the renal was preserved in formalin for tissue processing. RNA was purified from the tissue preserved in RNA later and subsequently subjected to qPCR array on realtime platform. The relative expression of selected markers representing the oxidative stress and apoptosis pathways was normalized to two reference genes and quantitatively measure using ∆∆Cq method. Immunohistochemistry for MDA and p53 were performed in formalin fixed paraffin embedded renal tissue. Results: There were significant downregulation of GR (p=0.04), NOS2 (p=0.03) and Ripk3 (p=0.01) and significant upregulation of p53 (p=0.02). Subsequently IHC test showed significant MDA and p53 expression. Discussion: The OPs exposure to the kidney leads to tubular injury through oxidative pathways and subsequent cell arrest by activation of p53.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech/Talk)
Additional Information: 6385/64928
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oxidative stress, induced nephrotoxicity, organophosphates exposure
Subjects: R Medicine > RB Pathology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Basic Medical Sciences
Depositing User: Dr SANDA AUNG
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2018 17:03
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2018 17:03
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/64928

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