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Micro electro discharge machining of nonconductive ceramic

Ali, Mohammad Yeakub and Sabur, Abdus and Banu, Asfana and Maleque, Md. Abdul and Adesta, Erry Yulian Triblas (2018) Micro electro discharge machining of nonconductive ceramic. International Journal of Engineering Materials and Manufacture, 3 (1). pp. 55-62. E-ISSN 0128-1852

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The micro-electro discharge machining (micro-EDM) models established for single spark erosion are not applicable for nonconductive ceramics because of random spalling. Moreover, it is difficult to create single spark on a nonconductive ceramic workpiece when the spark is initiated by the assisting electrode. In this paper, process development for nonconductive zirconium oxide (ZrO2) is discussed. It is shown that the charging and discharging duration depend on the capacitance and resistances of the circuit. The number of sparks per unit time is estimated from the single spark duration derived from heat transfer fundamentals. The model showed that both the capacitance and voltage are significant process parameters for material removal rate (MRR). However, capacitance was found to be the dominating parameter over voltage. As in case of higher capacitances, the creation of a conductive carbonic layer on the machined surface was not stable; the effective window of machining 101 - 103 pF capacitance and 80 - 100 V gap voltage or 10 - 470 pF capacitance and 80 - 110 V gap voltage. This fact was confirmed EDX analysis where the presence of high carbon content was evident. Conversely, the spark was found to be inconsistent using parameters beyond these ranges and consequently insignificant MRR. Nevertheless, the effective numbers of sparks per second were close to the predicted numbers when machining conductive copper material. In addition, higher percentage of ineffective pulses was observed during the machining which eventually reduced the MRR. In case of validation, average deviations between the predicted and experimental values were found to be around 10%.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4751/64017 This article was presented in 2nd World Symposium on Mechanical and Control Engineering, Guilin, China, 2-3 Nov. 2017
Uncontrolled Keywords: Micro-EDM, Nonconductive ceramics, assisting electrode, MRR
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TS Manufactures
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Prof. Ir. Dr. Mohammad Yeakub Ali
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2018 15:23
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2019 20:49
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/64017

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