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Utilization of renewable durian peels for biosorption of zinc from wastewater

Ngabura, Mohammed and Hussain, Siti Aslina and W.A. Ghani, Wan Azlina and Jami, Mohammed Saedi and Tan, Yen Ping (2018) Utilization of renewable durian peels for biosorption of zinc from wastewater. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 6 (2). pp. 2528-2539. ISSN 2213-3437

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Abstract

Durian peel is among the renewable biomass wastes abundantly available in Malaysia. An implication of untreated biological materials for biosorption process was intensively reported, that prioritize our work towards sorbent modification. The biosorption potentials of hydrochloric acid (HCl) modified durian peels (HAMDP) for removal of Zn (II) from simulated wastewater was investigated. Characterization of HAMDP was performed by ATR-FTIR, SEM and BET. Spectroscopic studies showed the predominant contributors for Zn (II) biosorption on HAMDP is attributed to hydroxyl, carbonyl, carboxyl and amides groups. Batch adsorption studies revealed optimum conditions of pH 8, 0.5 g biosorbent dose, 4 h contact time and reaction temperature of 313 K. Nonlinear isotherm models suggested applicability of Tempkin and Langmuir models at 313 K. The Langmuir maximum adsorption capacity was 36.73 mg/g. Kinetic studies revealed applicability of pseudo-second-order model. Webber-Morris model indicated possible role of diffusion of Zn (II) within the particles of HAMDP during the sorption process. Freundlich constant and activation energy values confirmed the physical nature of the process. Thermodynamic studies indicated that the process is exothermic and spontaneous. Regeneration studies depicted that HAMDP is economically viable. Conclusively, HCl served two significant purposes, namely; a good modification reagent and best eluent in Zn (II) recovery. Therefore, HAMDP is relatively effective, efficient, economical and most importantly “renewable and sustainable” biosorbent for Zn (II) removal from wastewater.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5545/63424
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biosorption; Heavy metals; Durian waste; Modification Wastewater treatment Biosorbent reusability
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering
Depositing User: Associate Dr. Mohammed Saedi Jami, PhD CEng MIChemE
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2018 09:57
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2019 16:23
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/63424

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