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Physicochemical characteristics of magnesium hydroxyapatite (MgHA) derived via wet precipitation method

Che Murad, Mardziah and Masdek, Nik Rozlin and Hyie, Koay Mei and Sopyan, Lis (2017) Physicochemical characteristics of magnesium hydroxyapatite (MgHA) derived via wet precipitation method. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, SI 4 (5). pp. 209-216. ISSN 1823-5514

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Hydroxyapatite (HA) has been known for so many decades as an implant material for medical applications due to its chemical composition that is very similar to the inorganic component of human bone. However, synthetic HA possesses relatively low mechanical strength characteristic, making it less suitable to be used in load bearing applications. Thus, the presence of metal ion like magnesium (Mg) is expected to improve the properties of synthetic HA as biomedical devices. The main objective of this research is to develop and characterize the magnesium hydroxyapatite (MgHA) nanopowders derived from the wet precipitation method. The amount of Mg, which acts as a metallic dopant in HA were varied at 0, 5 and 10% and calcined at 700C for imperative comparison. The resultant nanopowders were then characterized using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) to examine their physicochemical properties. Morphological evaluation by FESEM showed that the particle size of 10% MgHA powders was larger and spherical in shape but still highly agglomerated at calcination temperature of 700C. This result coincides with the data obtained from the XRD analysis, which revealed that the particle size of pure HA, 5 and 10% MgHA after calcination was 87 nm, 98 nm and 116 nm, respectively. These results demonstrate that doping Mg into HA has caused an increase in the particle size, proving that Mg acts as a sintering additive during the calcination process.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4809/62756
Uncontrolled Keywords: Magnesium, Hydroxyapatite, Bio-Implant Material, Wet Precipitation Method, Physicochemical Properties
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401 Materials of engineering and construction
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: PROF. DR. IIS SOPYAN
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2018 15:29
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2018 15:29
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/62756

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