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Factors related to attitudes toward diversity in Australia, Malaysia, and Puerto Rico

Brown, Jac and Jiménez, Aida L and Sabanathan, Dharshika and Ssekamanya, Siraje Abdallah and Hough, Michael and Sutton, Jeanna and Rodríguez, Jose and García Coll, Cynthia (2018) Factors related to attitudes toward diversity in Australia, Malaysia, and Puerto Rico. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment. pp. 1-19. ISSN 1091-1359 (In Press)

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Abstract

In this study, we tested social identity complexity theory (Roccas & Brewer, 2002) in relation to attitudes toward diversity and the associated variables of patriotism, nationalism, religiosity, aggression, and sense of self (well-being) in a cross-cultural study of 398 Malaysian, 239 Australian, and 201 Puerto Rican students. Puerto Ricans reported the most positive attitudes toward diversity, followed by Australians, and finally Malaysians. For Puerto Ricans, pro-diversity attitudes were predicted by a positive correlation with constructive patriotism and a negative correlation with blind patriotism. For Australians, pro-diversity attitudes were predicted by a positive association with constructive patriotism, a negative association with traditional nationalism, and a negative association with physical aggression. For Malaysians, pro-diversity attitudes were predicted by positive relationships with all of the following variables: constructive patriotism, traditional nationalism, verbal aggression, hostility, and the need to bolster self through idealizing others. These results support social identity complexity theory and partially support associated predictions for Australians, Puerto Ricans, and some of the predictions for Malaysians. The results are explained in terms of local cultural contexts that may not easily be understood by a simple understanding of the variables that were measured.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4236/62436
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diversity; culture; religion; nationalism; aggression
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF636 Applied psychology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Education > Department of Educational Psychology & Counseling
Depositing User: Dr. Ssekamanya Siraje Abdallah
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2018 08:31
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2019 11:45
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/62436

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