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Assessment of prevalence, length and position of anterior loop of inferior alveolar nerve: a study using CBCT

Hassan, Haszelini and Mohd. Nor, Hikmah and Shaberi, Nur Athiah and Zuber, Nur Aqila Syaqina and Hishamudin, Nur Hasnaa (2017) Assessment of prevalence, length and position of anterior loop of inferior alveolar nerve: a study using CBCT. In: 1st IIUM International Dental Conference 2017 in Commemoration of the Kulliyyah of Dentistry 10th Anniversary (1st IIDC), 6th-8th October 2017, Kuantan, Pahang.

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Abstract

Introduction: Adequate space is required in the interforaminal region for anterior mandibular surgery, where the anterior loop is located within this region. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of the anterior loop (AL) of the inferior alveolar nerve, and to measure its length and position in patients attending Kulliyyah of Dentistry using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: CBCT images of mandibles from 70 patients (140 hemimandibles) were selected and evaluated in this retrospective study. A single detector, multiple slits CBCT machine was used for this purpose. The comparison was made based on gender, age and race. The prevalence, position and length of the AL were assessed using Romexis® software version 2.8.0.R. Results: An anterior loop was identified in 16.4% of the examined mandibles and mostly observed on the right side (21.4%). The prevalence of AL was significantly higher in males (69.6%) compared to females (30.4%). The mean anterior loop length recorded was 2.59 mm (± 1.63), ranged from 0.80 mm to 6.00 mm. Most of the loops were found located inferior to the apex of lower right second premolars (60%). Conclusion(s): In this study, the prevalence of AL found is significant and the length of AL was varied greatly. Although AL is an anatomical variation, findings of this study might be useful in determining the safe distance and to preserve the neurovascular bundle before an implant placement or osteotomy in the anterior region of mental foramen.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 5524/61926
Uncontrolled Keywords: anterior loop, mandible, CBCT scans
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Dentistry > Oral Maxxilofacial Surgery & Oral Diagnosis
Depositing User: DR HIKMAH MOHD. NOR
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2018 10:30
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2019 12:16
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/61962

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