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Nutritients depictions of Barhi date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) kernels 1

Mahmud, Mohammed Imad A. Mustafa and Mirghani, Mohamed Elwathig Saeed and Alkhatib, Ma'an Fahmi Rashid and Yusof, Faridah and Muhammad Nur Azraei, Shahabudin and Othman, Rashidi and Daoud, Jamal Ibrahim (2017) Nutritients depictions of Barhi date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) kernels 1. International Food Research Journal, 24 (Suppl.). S325-S334. ISSN 2231-7546

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Abstract

Phoenix dactylifera L (Date palm) is one of the oldest known fruit crops in the world, 14 and the consumption of date fruits is no longer restricted to the Middle Eastern 15 countries. Date palm kernels are waste products of date fruit industry which are 16 normally being discarded. Based on their dietary fiber content; date palm kernels 17 (DPK) have been proposed to be used as fiber-based food supplement, caffeine 18 free coffee alternative and animal feed ingredient. Hence, utilization of such waste 19 is highly desirable for the date industry. To accommodate these benefits, 20 and subsequent to some uses associated with DPK, this study sought to 21 investigate the biochemical and nutritional values of the Barhi date palm kernels 22 (BDPK) grown in Iraq. The results show that BDPK is an excellent source of dietary 23 fiber (66.24 g/100g). Glutamic acid was found to be the predominant amino acid, 24 (0.674 g/100g), followed by Arginine and aspartic acid (0.437 g/100g and 0.320 25 g/100g, respectively). Potassium was the most occurring mineral in BDPK (2.39 26 g/kg), and the main sugars were sucrose and fructose (0.548 g/100g and 0.249 27 g/100g, respectively). Gas-liquid chromatography revealed that the main 28 unsaturated fatty acid (USFA) was oleic acid (40.927 mg/100g), while the main 29 saturated fatty acid (SFA) were lauric acid (20.270 mg/100g) and myristic acid 30 (12.288 mg/100g). Furthermore, the BDPK depicted considerable concentrations 31 of vitamins, in which vitamin B5 (40.4 mg/100g) showed the highest value. The 32 results obtained indicate a strong potential for BDPK to be used in human nutrition, 33 cosmetics, and pharmaceutical applications and may provide an important 34 economic advantage through increasing the utilization of BDKP while also additive value will be added to the residue.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5017/61405
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nutritients depictions; Barhi date palm (Phoenix dactylifera; L.) kernels 1
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD1020 Hazardous substances and their disposal
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Science
Depositing User: Assoc.Prof.Dr Jamal Daoud
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2018 16:15
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2018 15:12
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/61405

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