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Investigation of the use of Moringa Oleifera as dewatering aid

Jami, Mohammed Saedi and Muyibi, Suleyman Aremu and Baharom, Nur Amalina and Alam, Md. Monjurul (2017) Investigation of the use of Moringa Oleifera as dewatering aid. In: Advances in bio-environmental engineering. IIUM Press, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 151-171. ISBN 9789674184902 (In Press)

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Abstract

Moringa oleifera seed can be applied as a conditioner in sludge handling. In this study, sludge conditioning properties of Moringa oleifera seed were examined for kaolin suspension in aqueous media. The performance of the Moringa oleifera seeds as a sludge conditioner was evaluated for various seed preparations such as water extraction, salt extraction, oil extraction and water extraction and lastly oil extraction and salt extraction based on sludge settling velocity, sludge volume index (SVI) and cake moisture content value. Three factors, Moringa oleifera seeds concentration, mixing speed and contact time, were considered for conditioning. In addition, the use of polyaluminum chloride as a sludge conditioner was compared to Moringa oleifera seeds. Higher settling velocity, better sludge volume index (SVI) and less cake moisture content were resulted in the oil extraction and salt extraction seed preparation method than any other preparation methods. However, the mixing of polyaluminium chloride with kaolin slurry caused the higher settling velocity in comparison with the mixing of Moringa oleifera seeds.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 5545/61343
Uncontrolled Keywords: Moringa oleifera, kaolin, polyaluminium chloride, settling velocity, sludge volume index (SVI), cake moisture content.
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Associate Dr. Mohammed Saedi Jami, PhD CEng MIChemE
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2018 11:26
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2018 11:26
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/61343

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