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Prediction of dry ice mass for firefighting robot actuation

Ajala, Mosud T. and Khan, Md. Raisuddin and Salami, Momoh Jimoh Eyiomika and Shafie, Amir Akramin and Mohamad Nor, Mahadzir Iskandar (2017) Prediction of dry ice mass for firefighting robot actuation. In: 6th International Conference on Mechatronics - ICOM'17, 8th–9th August 2017, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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The limitation in the performance of electric actuated firefighting robots in high- temperature fire environment has led to research on the alternative propulsion system for the mobility of firefighting robots in such environment. Capitalizing on the limitations of these electric actuators we suggested a gas-actua ted propulsion system in our earlier study. The propulsion system is made up of a pneumatic motor as the actuator (for the robot) and carbon dioxide gas (self-generated from dry ice) as the power source. To satisfy the consumption requirement (9cfm) of the motor for efficient actuation of the robot in the fire environment, the volume of carbon dioxide gas, as well as the corresponding mass of the dry ice that will produce the required volume for powering and actuation of the robot, must be determined . This article, therefore, presents the computation al analysis to predict the volumetric requirement and the dry ice mass sufficient to power a carbon dioxide gas propelled autonomous firefighting robot in a high-temperature environment. The governing equation of the sublimation of dry ice to carbon dioxide is established. An operating time of 2105.53 s and operating pressure rang es from 137.9kPa to 482.65kPa were achieved following the consumption rate of the motor. Thus, 8.85m 3 is computed as the volume requirement of the CAFFR while the corresponding dry ice mass for the CAFFR actuation ranges from 21.67kg to 75.83 kg depending on the operating pressure .

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 3627/61102
Uncontrolled Keywords: dry ice mass, firefighting robot
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ241 Machine construction (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechatronics Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Md. Raisuddin Khan
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2018 15:54
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2018 16:10
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/61102

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