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Malaysia’s tourism demand: gravity model approach

Othman, Muhammad Hanif and Mohamad, Noorihsan and Mat Ghani, Gairuzazmi and Ariffin, Muhammad Irwan (2017) Malaysia’s tourism demand: gravity model approach. In: Global Tourism Conference (GTC) 2017, 19th-22nd July 2017, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu. (Unpublished)

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Official URL: https://gtc.umt.edu.my/

Abstract

The tourism sector in Malaysia has undergone substantial growths as a result of the efforts taken by the Ministry of Tourism in policy planning and implementation. It is the government’s long-term goal to make Malaysia as the most popular tourism destination. The growth of tourism sector in Malaysia can be measured by tourist arrivals and receipts. Since this industry is able to drive Malaysian economy forward, more studies should be done in determining factors that influence demand for tourism. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the demand factors of tourist arrivals in Malaysia and estimate their relative importance. Through understanding the determinants of Malaysia’s tourism demand, the government can design strategies and policies to enhance Malaysia’s competitiveness as a tourist destination. This study employed the bilateral tourism flows gravity model. The model includes income level of origin country and exchange rate to control for international shocks. This study also includes supply factor which is number of hotel room availability. The data used includes 149 countries, including countries with small numbers of arrivals. The bilateral tourism flows gravity model was estimated using random effect model (REM). The findings show that shorter distance, population of country origin, country that share common border and common language with Malaysia are major factors that increase international tourist arrivals.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 3623/60557
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tourism gravity model, Tourist arrival, Tourism sector, Ministry of Tourism, Malaysia.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Economics
Depositing User: Gairuzazmi Ghani
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2017 17:26
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2017 17:27
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/60557

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