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An approach to optimize process parameter for peptides extraction from Zophobas morio (Fabricius) using antifungal activity as the response

Yusof, Faridah and Faruck, Mohammad Omer and Chowdhury, Silvia (2017) An approach to optimize process parameter for peptides extraction from Zophobas morio (Fabricius) using antifungal activity as the response. International Food Research Journal (IFRJ), 24. pp. 457-462. ISSN 1985-4668 E-ISSN 2231-7546

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Antifungal peptides have been successfully extracted from whole body larvae of Zophobas morio (Fabricius) by using acidified isopropanol. To ensure that the extraction is cost effective for maximum yield, Response Surface Methodology (RSM) using a Central Composite Design (CCD) strategy was adopted to optimize the extraction process parameters. The effect of independent parameters, namely, the homogenization temperature (°C), homogenization time (min) and solid (g) to the solvent (ml) ratio of the extraction process on the fungal growth was studied. The extracted samples obtained by conducting runs accorded by the experimental design showed varying degree of antifungal activity against Aspergillus niger, the selected fungal strain, as assayed by the ‘‘Poisoned agar technique’. The investigation showed that the optimum values of the extraction parameters for the maximum antifungal peptides were 5 minutes homogenization time, 4°C homogenization temperature and 3.5:1 solid to solvent ratio. This study reports the development of an extraction process that allows careful recovery of antifungal peptides from insect larvae. In the validation of the experimental model, the error between the actual value and the predicted value was determined to be 3.57%.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4734/59630
Uncontrolled Keywords: Zophobas morio, peptides, antifungal, Response Surface Methodology (RSM), Central Composite Design (CCD), Design of experiment (DOE).
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: DR FARIDAH YUSOF
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2017 14:13
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2018 12:01
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/59630

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