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Modeling and simulation of Graphene/Palladium catalyst reformer for hydrogen generation from waste of IC engine

Rahman, Mohammed Ataur and Kaw, Myo Aung and Afroz, Rafia (2018) Modeling and simulation of Graphene/Palladium catalyst reformer for hydrogen generation from waste of IC engine. In: International Conference on Advances in Manufacturing and Materials Engineering 2017, ICAMME 2017, 8th-9th August 2017, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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Abstract

A small amount of hydrogen made by on­board reformer is added to the normal intake air and gasoline mixture in the vehicle's engine could improves overall combustion quality by allowing nearly twice as much air for a given amount of fuel introduced into the combustion chamber. This can be justified based on the calorific value of Hydrogen (H2) 141.9 MJ/kg while the gasoline (C6.4H11.8) is 47MJ/kg. Different weight % of Pd and GO uses for the reformer model and has conducted simulation by COMSOL software. The best result found for the composition of catalyst (palladium 30% and graphene 70%). The study shows that reformer yield hydrogen 23% for the exhaust temperature of 600-9000C and 20% for 80-900C. Pumping hydrogen may boost the fuel atomization and vaporization at engine idle condition, which could enhances the fuel combustion efficiency. Thus, this innovative technology would be able to save fuel about 12% and reduce the emission about 35%.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 5624/59221
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hydrogen, Pd/GO Catalyst, On-board reformer, Green technology
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics > TL1 Motor vehicles
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Economics
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Ataur Rahman
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2017 15:13
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2018 16:43
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/59221

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