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马来西亚社交媒体监管:选择与挑战 (Regulating Social Media in Malaysia: Options and Challenges)

Zulhuda, Sonny and Abdul Ghani Azmi, Ida Madieha (2017) 马来西亚社交媒体监管:选择与挑战 (Regulating Social Media in Malaysia: Options and Challenges). Global Media Journal, 4 (2). pp. 58-79. ISSN 2095-9516

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随着移动技术和互联网接入在马来西亚的大幅发展,社交网站、视频分享网站、博客及微博等社交媒体的使用正在变得流行。但是,一些法律问题随之而生,出现了许多涉嫌违反法律和道德规范的争议。为了对此进行合理的监管,马来西亚政府运用了多种方法,例如鼓励行业自律、屏蔽相关网站、采用刑事或民事制裁等。本文主要通过分析成文法、政策动议及法庭判例,来梳理政府采取的、目前仍被使用的相关管理措施。值得注意的是,在过去的二十年里,马来西亚尝试过上述每一种措施。虽然政府反复声明"不对互联网实施审查制度",但却越来越多地依赖于反应式的、更具惩罚性的管理措施。在探究了马来西亚社交媒体监管的发展历史之后,本文认为,为了保证信息传播技术(ICT)以及社交媒体能够得到更好地得到应用,并促进马来西亚社会的发展,行业自律和政府主导的动议都是必不可少的。 (With an exponential growth of mobile technology and Internet connectivity in Malaysia, it is natural that the use of social media such as social networking sites, video sharing media, blogging as well as micro-blogging sites is becoming massively popular. This has in turn triggered legal issues, disputes alleged breach of legal and ethical norms. In order to properly regulate this, the Malaysian government had to resort to some options, starting from encouraging industrial self-regulatory approach, blocking websites and even enforcing criminal and civil sanctions. This paper looks at those attempts that have been taken and that are currently on-going, by looking predominantly on statutory laws, policy initiatives as well as court cases. It is interesting to note that Malaysia has considered each and every option above in the past two decades. Though declaration of no-censorship policy has been repeatedly made out by the Government, yet the more reactive and punitive approaches are currently being increasingly relied on. The paper examines the development of the social media regulation in Malaysia and argues that both self-regulatory and government-led initiatives are necessary in order to ensure the maximum use of the ICT and social media for the benefit of Malaysian society.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6473/58828
Uncontrolled Keywords: Social Media, Regulation, Internet, Malaysia
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics > P87 Communication. Mass media
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws > Department of Civil Law
Depositing User: Dr Sonny Zulhuda
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2017 10:51
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2018 18:47
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/58828

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