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Development of photo forensics algorithm by detecting photoshop manipulation using error level analysis

Gunawan, Teddy Surya and Mohammad Hanafiah, Siti Amalina and Kartiwi, Mira and Ismail, Nanang and Za'bah, Nor Farahidah and Nordin, Anis Nurashikin (2017) Development of photo forensics algorithm by detecting photoshop manipulation using error level analysis. Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 7 (1). pp. 131-137. ISSN 2502-4752

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Abstract

Nowadays, image manipulation is common due to the availability of image processing software, such as Adobe Photoshop or GIMP. The original image captured by digital camera or smartphone normally is saved in the JPEG format due to its popularity. JPEG algorithm works on image grids, compressed independently, having size of 8x8 pixels. For unmodified image, all 8x8 grids should have a similar error level. For resaving operation, each block should degrade at approximately the same rate due to the introduction of similar amount of errors across the entire image. For modified image, the altered blocks should have higher error potential compred to the remaining part of the image. The objective of this paper is to develop a photo forensics algorithm which can detect any photo manipulation. The error level analysis (ELA) was further enhanced using vertical and horizontal histograms of ELA image to pinpoint the exact location of modification. Results showed that our proposed algorithm could identify successfully the modified image as well as showing the exact location of modifications.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5588/58371
Uncontrolled Keywords: JPEG compression; image forgery; image forensic; error level analysis
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology > Department of Information System
Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology > Department of Information System
Depositing User: Dr Teddy Surya Gunawan
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2017 08:37
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2018 11:07
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/58371

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