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The influence of irradiated recycled polypropylene compatibilizer on the impact fracture behavior of recycled polypropylene/microcrystalline cellulose composites

Lazim, Nurul Hakimah and Samat, Noorasikin (2019) The influence of irradiated recycled polypropylene compatibilizer on the impact fracture behavior of recycled polypropylene/microcrystalline cellulose composites. Polymer Composites, 40. E24-E34. ISSN 0272-8397 E-ISSN 1548-0569

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Abstract

The poor compatibility between a thermoplastic matrix and natural fiber reinforcement has been a limitation in the optimization of natural fiber-filled composites. Electron beam irradiation is used to modify the structure of materials. However, most researches have focused on the effect of irradiation after the fabrication of composites. Hence, this study was aimed at investigating the effect of irradiated recycled polypropylene (i-rPP) as a compatibilizer in recycled polypropylene (rPP) composites. The rPP were irradiated at different doses before the compounding process. The rPP matrices were prepared by mixing the unirradiated and irradiated rPP at ratios of 90:10 and 50:50, before they were compounded with different amounts of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) fibers (5, 20, and 40 wt%). Radiation crosslinking, functional groups, radical formations, thermal, and impact strength characterizations were carried out. The results showed that the simultaneous incorporation of the i-rPP and MCC fibers significantly improved the impact resistance of the rPP. The synergistic combination of a higher MCC content (40 wt%) and low irradiation dose (10 kGy) at a ratio of 50:50 caused a higher degree of crosslinking and a lower radical concentration. The thermal stability was acceptable and the sub-impact fracture surface analysis revealed the effects of crack blunting.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4029/58191
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mechanical-properties; Polymer Composites; Gamma-Iradiation; Crystallization; Nanocomposites;Radiation
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1080 Polymers, plastics and their manufacture
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Noorasikin Samat
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2017 16:13
Last Modified: 13 May 2019 14:13
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/58191

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