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The study of water losses using knowledge based system approach

Kabbashi, Nassereldeen Ahmed and Hasif, Mohd. A. and Mirghani, Mohamed Elwathig Saeed (2017) The study of water losses using knowledge based system approach. In: Trends in Asian water environmental science and technology. Capital Publishing Company, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 237-243. ISBN 978-3-319-39257-8

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Abstract

Water represents about 70 % of the whole earth surface yet it is limited in its availability as a freshwater to human benefits. The importance is on freshwater assets since it is freshwater resources that are used for daily usage, agricultural and industrial intentions. According to Hu (2006), freshwater represents about 2.76 % of the total water available on earth. And even with this, it is only less than 1 % which is readily available to be accessed and used by human. About 20 % of the world’s population lack access to safe drinking water and about eighty countries, which inhabitat 40 % of the world’s population are in severe water crisis situation. Non-revenue water (NRW) can be defined as the amount or quantity of lost water starting from the water treatment plant to the consumers. In other words, it occurs within the distribution systems added with amount of water that is authorized to use but not billed.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 4286/57899
Uncontrolled Keywords: Water Loss, Expert System, non-revenue
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Nassereldeen Kabbashi
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2017 16:00
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2017 14:15
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/57899

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