IIUM Repository

On the contractual risk allocation in oil and gas projects

Wan Zahari, Wan Mohd Zulhafiz (2017) On the contractual risk allocation in oil and gas projects. The Law Review (LR). pp. 168-193. ISSN 1985-0891

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (998kB) | Request a copy


This paper focuses on the contractual mechanisms that will help to achieve a fair allocation of risk between operators and contractors in the oil and gas projects. Companies that are actively dealing with a wide range of activities which engage volatile hydrocarbons are exposed to substantial risks and liabilities. In this regard, most of the petroleum contracts for upstream projects depart from the common law tradition of risk allocation by shifting the risk to another party; this is done to protect commercial interests. To achieve this goal, contractual provisions are used in allocating the risks; especially those related to people, property and the environment. Risk allocation provisions deal with hypothetical events—this means that the identity of the person bearing the liability which will accrue if certain events take place is determined in advance. Such clauses are intended to ensure that, where harm arises, oil companies take responsibility for such harm and can meet the costs of mitigating that harm, including requirements for insurance and the allocation of liability. These clauses are also known as risk allocation provisions. Contractual risk allocation is one element of risk management between or among the parties involved in an undertaking. This is particularly challenging in the oil and gas industry where several parties are involved in one project. A range of risk allocations are used in oil and gas contracts, including exclusion of liability and liability caps. The paper discusses several mechanisms of risk allocation in oil and gas contracts and the issues pertaining to this matter.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7704/57861
Uncontrolled Keywords: Contractual risk allocation, oil and gas
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws > Department of Civil Law
Depositing User: Dr. Wan Mohd Zulhafiz Wan Zahari
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2017 11:14
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2018 16:19
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/57861

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year